CCS Regulations and Permitting
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects are subject to regulation at the source of CO2, during transportation
to the injection site, and at the site, whether for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects or long-term geologic
storage of anthropogenic CO2. Before any physical work can begin, federal and state/provincial regulatory
requirements must be met, the public must have an opportunity to comment, and any necessary permits must
have been issued.
In 2014, 136 CO2 EOR projects in the United States were regulated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
federal regulations and by state oil and gas regulations. The regulatory framework for projects involving geologic storage
of anthropogenic CO2 is specifically addressed at the federal level under Class VI injection wells. Protection of groundwater
resources and human health is a focus of both EOR and geologic storage regulations.
State and Provincial Regulations
Hover over a location below to view information on laws and regulations specifically addressing CCS.
State and Provincial CCS Regulations
*All information is current as of July 20, 2015.